Malaria Consortium was leading three operational research studies in Ethiopia, which were funded by the USAID / President's Malaria Initiative, in partnership with Oromia and SNNP Regional Health Bureaus, the Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The studies each looked at an aspect of malaria control:
(1) a retrospective analysis of malaria at health facilities in Oromia Regional State, evaluated changes in the number of cases of malaria seen at health facilities over a five year period, to understand the impact that scale up of malaria prevention and control had on the burden of malaria in Ethiopia.
(2) A pilot study looked at the feasibility of school-based surveillance of malaria in Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Regional State. The aim of this study was to explore new ways to identify possible malaria epidemics, particularly looking at simple indicators measured at schools.
(3) A study of spatial epidemiology of malaria in Oromia Regional State. This study was designed to support Regional Health Bureaus in monitoring changes in malaria transmission, and targeting resources to areas in greatest need. The study combined a test of people’s recent exposure to malaria with information about the environment to predict at large scale where transmission is likely to occur.