The prevalence of malaria in Uganda has reduced significantly, from 42 percent in 2009 to nine percent in 2018. However, in 2021, Uganda had the third highest global burden of malaria cases (five percent) and the seventh highest number of deaths (three percent). It also had the highest proportion of malaria cases in East and southern Africa at 23 percent in 2021. Between 2020 and 2021, the estimated number of malaria cases remained stable at 284 per 1,000 of the population at risk. The high prevalence of malaria contributes to morbidity and mortality, especially in children and pregnant women. Dokolo and Nwoya districts, specifically, experienced malaria upsurges shortly after the mass distribution of mosquito nets. This project rapid assessment aimed to determine how community-driven approaches can improve community engagement, in order to increase the use of mosquito nets and reduce the number of malaria cases during an upsurge in 2021. Social and behaviour change (SBC) interventions were implemented as part of Malaria Consortium's Strengthening Uganda's Response to Malaria (SURMa) project.
This poster was presented at the RBM Partnership to End Malaria Social and Behaviour Change Working Group 10th Annual Meeting, 7-9 November 2023, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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