Quality data from Health Management Information Systems (HMIS) are important for tracking the efectiveness of malaria control interventions. However, HMIS data in many resource-limited settings do not currently meet standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO). We aimed to assess HMIS data quality and associated factors in Chad.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 health facilities in Massaguet district. Data on children under 15 years were obtained from the HMIS and from the external patient register covering the period January–December 2018. An additional questionnaire was administered to 16 health centre managers to collect data on contextual variables. Patient registry data were aggregated and compared with the HMIS database at district and health centre level. Completeness and accuracy indicators were calculated as per WHO guidelines. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed on the Verifcation Factor for attendance, suspected and confrmed malaria cases for three age groups (1 to <12 months, 1 to <5 years and 5 to <15 years) to identify associations between health centre characteristics and data accuracy.
Health centres achieved a high level of data completeness in HMIS. Malaria data were over-reported in HMIS for children aged under 15 years. There was an association between workload and higher odds of inaccuracy in reporting of attendance among children aged 1 to <5 years (Odds ratio [OR]: 10.57, 95% CI 2.32–48.19) and 5–<15 years (OR: 6.64, 95% CI 1.38–32.04). Similar association was found between workload and stock-outs in register books, and inaccuracy in reporting of malaria confrmed cases. Meanwhile, we found that presence of a health technician, and of dedicated staf for data management, were associated with lower inaccuracy in reporting of clinic attendance in children aged under fve years.
Data completeness was high while the accuracy was low. Factors associated with data inaccuracy included high workload and the unavailability of required data collection tools. The results suggest that improvement in working conditions for clinic personnel may improve HMIS data quality. Upgrading from paper-based forms to a web-based HMIS may provide a solution for improving data accuracy and its utility for future evaluations of health interventions. Results from this study can inform the Ministry of Health and it partners on the precautions to be taken in the use of HMIS data and inform initiatives for improving its quality.
Published in BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Country: ChadKeywords: Capacity development | Surveillance | Malaria | Case management | Elimination | Quality improvement | Vector control
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