It is one of the leading causes of death and disease worldwide, especially in the developing world. Malaria is a preventable and treatable infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes. It kills more than one million people each year, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa, with seventy-five percent of these deaths occurring in children under five.
Malaria also has a devastating economic and social effect as it perpetuates poverty.
It is both a root cause and consequence of poverty, burdening endemic countries and contributing to the cycle of poverty. Malaria affects the most isolated groups, such as poor women and children, in the most aggressive manner.
And yet it is a preventable disease.
Malaria can be prevented, diagnosed and treated with a combination of available tools and sustained financing. A comprehensive approach consisting of protective nets, indoor spraying with insecticide, preventive treatment for pregnant women, diagnostic tests, effective drugs, education, research and advocacy is needed to combat malaria.