Vilanculos or Vilankulo is a district located in northern Mozambique province of Inhambane. Its seat is the town of Vilanculos. It has geographical boundaries, north and west with Inhassoro, east to the Indian Ocean and the south and west with the District of Massinga.
Area and Population
The district of Vilanculos has an area of 856Km² and 5 a population of 135,813 inhabitants, according to preliminary results of the 2007 Census, resulting in a population density of 23.19 inhabitants / km². The population recorded in 2007 represents an increase of 20.0% compared to 113 045 inhabitants registered in the 1997 Census.
Source of Income
Agriculture is the dominant activity and involves the majority of local households. The main food crops of the family sector are maize, cassava, peanuts and beans. The most important livestock in the district, for the consumption of households and marketing are chickens and goats.
The district has a Rural Hospital and 7 Health Centers of 91 existing centers throughout the province. It has 0.96 beds per 1000 inhabitants. A total of 40 general beds and 92 beds for maternity. The infant mortality rate in-hospital malaria is 1.8%
In terms of educational infrastructure until the year 2008, the district of Vilankulo had a total of 89 schools of which 85 are primary schools of grades I and II and 4vSecondaries schools. The total number of students is 33,872 for 5140 and primary levels to secondary school. The illiteracy rate is 65.1%.
Number of APE
The district has 02 APE, one under the supervision of a Health Centre of Belane and one of Health Center Mapinhane.