Pneumonia is currently the leading cause of death in children worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this disease kills an estimated 1.1 million (18% f the total deaths) of children under five years old every year, which represents more than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. 60% of these deaths occur in just 10 countries in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs and it has several causative agents, including bacteria, viruses and fungi. In low income settings, most of pneumonia infections in children are bacterial and are caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Infected children can be treated with antibiotics, but the WHO calculates only around 30% of children with pneumonia receive the antibiotics they need, and this is caused in part by the lack of appropriate and/or timely diagnosis.Community delivery | Research | Use of evidence | Pneumonia | Diagnosis
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