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M&E and surveillance

Monitoring and evaluation

In order to improve overall performance and ensure the effective delivery of services, Malaria Consortium rountinely conducts monitoring and evaluation activities, using the results to feed our learning agenda and guide implementation.

We view monitoring and evaluation (M&E) as a continuous process that occurs throughout the life of a programme or intervention. We ensure that participatory planning and M&E activities are established from the onset of each project so that the impact is measured and internal accountability is ensured.

M&E activities are undertaken to achieve the following objectives:

  • to ensure internal and external accountability for progress towards programme targets and adherence to organisational standards and principles
  • to determine whether existing interventions should be strengthened, altered or discarded
  • to facilitate institutional learning, planning and continuous improvement 
  • to inform future programming and initiatives, and identify new potential funding opportunities
  • to assess the overall effectiveness and efficiency of interventions in terms of their outputs, outcomes, cost and impact
  • to identify the catalytic effect of projects and programmes in promoting sustainability 
  • to improve or optimise methodologies through the use of novel measurement approaches and employ digital strategies, such as the use of mobile phones, as routine data collection tools to obtain data in real time
  • to integrate information feedback mechanisms into projects so that the people we work with can appreciate how data collected from them is used
  • to employ robust outcome and impact evaluation methods, based on global standards, when applying computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) to obtain better quality data more quickly

We also build monitoring, evaluation, surveillance and data management capacities in partner institutions, such as national malaria control programmes, and engage in international efforts to set agendas. With respect to malaria, we are an active participant of the RBM Partnership's M&E-focused technical working groups, as well as in other groups that address M&E issues in specific content areas.


Surveillance is also one of the cornerstones of control activity for malaria and some neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), allowing governments and health organisations to monitor the situation on the ground, identify the emergence of outbreaks and prioritise regions or populations that are most vulnerable to disease. This information helps shape targeted responses and to evaluate their impact.

Much of our work in Southeast Asia has focused on supporting strategies for the elimination of malaria in areas where there are high levels of artemisinin resistance and few cases. For example, our Thai-Cambodia border surveillance project has been crucial for providing information about malaria among at-risk mobile populations and in driving rapid responses to detected cases. 

To drive the NTD agenda on case finding and disease surveillance, we adopt a systematic NTD health strengthening programme with surveillance as one of the main components, linked to the health information management and reporting system. Where such a system is not yet established, we are helping to build and strengthen those health information management systems, providing guidance on how to incorporate NTD reporting, and disease monitoring to ensure quality and timely use of data in case of outbreaks or unusual change of disease trends. In Southeast Asia, we are also assessing existing systems to evaluate the needs and challenges in dengue management and surveillance.

Data management

We have supported ministries of health to improve their central data management systems with enhanced reporting and response capabilities. We are providing technical assistance by embeding professional advisers to provide day-to-day support and capacity building in surveillance to national malaria control programmes in Cambodia and Myanmar. We are also conducting surveys to fill data gaps; in Myanmar we provided the country with its first malaria indicator survey.

There is a great deal we still need to learn about malaria and NTD transmission in both Asia and other regions if we are to drive forward effective elimination strategies. This is why we created our flagship surveillance project, Beyond Garki, which has intensively monitored risk factors for impacting on malaria transmission in different settings, allowing us to develop a comprehensive picture of the changes in epidemiology of malaria, and what drives change.

For more information:

Click here to read an interview by the World Health Organisation with Malaria Consortium's M&E and surveillance expert.

For more information about the importance of data and disease surveillance to drive malaria progress in Africa, see our four page advocacy brief, For a smarter way to beat malaria we need a data revolution in Africa, which outlines four priority recommendations for policy makers and donors.

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