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Programme Partnership Arrangement

Analysis of multi-country DHS and MIS data in relation to malaria control


The Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) programme has been collecting and disseminating data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, gender, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and nutrition in the past three decades. In addition to the standard DHS surveys, the programme incorporates Malaria Indicator Surveys (MIS) that are nationally representative and provide some data on malaria epidemiology and control, especially in relation to insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership and use, prevention of malaria during pregnancy, prompt and effective treatment of fever in young children, and malaria prevalence rates.

DHS and MIS data from several African countries were re-analysed to gain a deeper understanding of spatial magnitude and temporal trends of endemicity variables, coverage of control measures, and determinant factors for the use and impacts of key interventions.

Malaria-related datasets were acquired from surveys implemented between 1986 and 2012 in more than 30 countries. Climate data were obtained for more than 28,000 geo-referenced ‘clusters’ or villages from more than 80 surveys.

Appropriate statistical methods were used to investigate the relative contributions of epidemiological, socio-economic and climatic factors, and level of interventions, to observed disease outcomes.

Main findings