Malaria distribution and burden in the Asia-Pacific
Malaria is present in 20 countries in the southern, eastern and south-eastern regions of Asia as well as in the Asia Pacific. Countries with malaria transmission in this region include:
- South Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
- Eastern Asia: China, DPR Korea and Republic of Korea
- South-east Asia: Cambodia, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam
- Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu
[Source: Roll Back Malaria Regional Strategy for the Asia-Pacific]
Notable countries / territories that are malaria free include Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, New Zealand and Singapore.
Approximately 2.1 billion people are considered to be at risk of acquiring malaria in the Asia-Pacific region. The 2014 World Malaria Report estimates that in 2013, there were 25 million cases of malaria and 44,300 deaths in the region.
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In all these countries in the region, both falciparum and vivax malaria are present, with some of the less common types of malaria seen on occasions. Vivax malaria has a wider range than falciparum malaria due to its greater tolerance of lower temperatures during the mosquito-borne stages of its life-cycle. For this reason it is more common in China and the northern/higher altitude parts of Afghanistan, Nepal and Pakistan and Vietnam. Vivax is the only form of malaria found in North and South Korea.
These maps, created using the University of Oxford’s Malaria Atlas Project map creator, show the limits of falciparum and vivax malaria transmission in the Asia-Pacific.