Case Studies of successful industry involvement in malaria control programmes
Elimination of Taxes and Tariffs, Papua New Guinea
In 2011, the Malaria Taxes and Tariffs Advocacy Project (M-TAP) reported that only six countries worldwide had completely removed tariffs on products used to fight the disease despite agreement to do so ten years ago. Dropping taxes and tariffs can play a key role in cutting costs because the vast majority of medicines and other products used to fight malaria are imported. These are: LLINs, ACTs, RDTs, insecticides for indoor spraying, and insecticide spray pumps.
M-TAP, which has been gathering evidence from nearly 80 malarious countries over the two year project, found that taxes and tariffs on anti-malarial products provide only minimal revenues, and these gains are often offset by health costs and lost productivity from preventable malaria illnesses. In Cambodia, M-TAP found that non-tariff barriers present more obstacles for importation than existing taxes and tariffs, for example, in issues of procurement and supply management. Private sector providers continue to play a critical role in supplying access to malaria treatment and prevention despite the huge increase in donor commitments over the past five years, so removal of taxes and tariffs are another way to ensure that cost does not pose a significant barrier to access