Malaria in Ethiopia:
Approximately 68 percent of the population of Ethiopia live in areas at risk of malaria risk of malaria transmission, primarily in areas below an altitude of 2,000 meters above sea level. Malaria is mainly seasonal with unstable transmission in the highland fringe areas and of relatively longer transmission duration in lowland areas, river basins and valleys. From time to time, malaria epidemics inflict high incidence of morbidity and mortality.
The major transmission of malaria follows the June-September rains and occurs between September-December while the minor transmission season occurs between April-May following the February- March rains. On average, 60-70 percent of malaria cases are due to P. falciparum, with the remainders caused by P. vivax. A. arabiensis is the main malaria vector. A. pharoensis, A. funestus s.s. and A. nili are considered secondary vectors.
The main malaria control interventions in Ethiopia involve universal distribution of ITNs, IRS in selected areas, improved access to diagnosis and effective treatment through the health services including the Health Extension Programme.
The project was based around two health facilities; Guba and Hembecho Health Centres, in Halaba Special District and Boloso Sore District, respectively, both located in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region.
The Beyond Garki Project in Ethiopia was implemented in collaboration with the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regional Health Bureau, Health Offices of Boloso Sore District and Halaba Special District, the health facilities serving as the project sites (Hembecho Health Centre and Guba Health Centre), and the Ethiopian Public Health Institute.