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Anaemia and undernutrition

Anaemia

There was a uniformly high prevalence of anaemia in children under five in both countries (51-80% in Uganda and 52-71% in Ethiopia). Butemba (in Uganda), which had the highest malaria prevalence, also had the highest prevalence of moderate or severe anaemia (18-23%). The variation in moderate or severe anaemia seemed to correlate with variations in malaria prevalence over the four rounds in the Ugandan sites but not the Ethiopian sites.

Undernutrition

In the Ethiopia sites, the mean percentage of stunted children during the study period ranged from 46% to 82%. In the Uganda sites, this proportion varied between 11% and 39%. There was no change in proportion of stunted children in all sites except in Hembecho, where a steady decline was observed.

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